Green Economy

Green Economy


Tyre Wear in the Environment
August 2017
July 2020

Plastic in the environment presents an increasingly serious challenge. Macroplastic turns into microplastic and reaches the aquatic environment via various entry paths – rubber particles from worn tyres constitute such microplastics, and increasing lorry traffic (use of trucking as opposed to other means of transport) invariably leads to more of them.

Green Economy


Microplastics of Textile Origin - A Holistic View: Optimized Processes and Materials, Material Flows and Environmental Behavior

Textiles made of synthetic fibres can lose microparticles in household laundering, which then find their way into rivers, lakes and oceans. The aim of TextileMission is to reduce this environmental impact.




Consumer Behavior Related to Plastic and its Avoidance at the Point of Sale

Consumers as buyers of products made of or packed with plastic play a decisive role in the consumption of plastic in Germany. A complete renunciation of plastic in everyday life is only possible with high restrictions or not at all. In addition, many consumers do not know how much plastic they put into circulation or into the environment by buying a product.



Development of Budget Approach and LCA Impact Assessment Methodology for the Governance of Plastic in the Environment

In order to legitimise political decisions on the plastic litter problem, it is necessary to formulate a quantitative emission target. The budget approach for plastic litter, which is to be developed within the framework of the project, serves this purpose. The research work is guided by the following questions: What amount of plastic in the environment is still acceptable?




Recycling of Polystyrene by Raw Material Recovery

In view of climate change, environmental pollution, population growth and resource dependency, the transition from a linear economy to a closed-loop economy is both ecologically and economically necessary.



Development of a Recycling Technology for PET Waste Plastics from Multilayer Material and Other Waste Composites

solvoPET aims to develop and conduct experimental trials of a solvolytic recycling process for materials made of PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) in multilayer or mixed materials.



Marker-based Sorting and Recycling System for Plastic Packaging

The goal of this project is to build a marker-based system for sorting and recycling that involves every stage from packaging development over sorting technology to high quality material reuse. The MaReK project proves the usefulness of fluorescent markers for waste management purposes.



Ship-based Treatment of Plastics for the Implementation of Value Chains in Less Developed Countries as well as for the Prevention of Plastic Inputs into the Environment and Especially in Marine Ecosystems

Since it is technically and economically impossible to reduce the amount of plastic waste in oceans, solutions to cut the entry of such substances into the environment must be developed. Developing countries, however, often lack land-based approaches to such solutions.

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)


Development of New Plastics for a Clean Environment by Determining Relevant Entry Points

The aim of the project is to develop plastics with environmentally optimised degradation behaviour that can be degraded faster and in a more environmentally friendly manner while maintaining the same stability.

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)


Solution Strategies to Reduce Entries of Urban Plastic into Limnic Systems

A connecting element of all investigations in PLASTRAT is the development of solution strategies for the sustainable limitation of the spread of plastic residues in the aquatic environment on a technical, environmental and social-ecological level.

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)


Representative Research Strategies for an Integrative System Understanding of Specific Inputs of Plastics into the Environment

The project aims to develop representative research methods and strategies for an integrative system understanding of relevant plastic entry paths into the environmental compartment of water.

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)


Tracking of (Sub) Microplastics of Different Identities - Innovative Analysis Tools for the Toxicological and Process Engineering Evaluation

The methods available for the analysis of microplastics in environmental matrices are currently mainly used for particles in the size range of 1 μm to 5 mm. Particles smaller than 1 μm are hardly detected. In contrast to larger particles, however, these are capable of permeating cells and have a higher adsorption potential for pollutants due to their relatively larger surface area.

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)


Reduction of the Input of Plastics via Wastewater into the Aquatic Environment

Within the theme of plastics in the environment, the REPLAWA project investigates questions of water resource protection in connection with wastewater treatment.

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)


Identification of Industrial Plastic Emissions by means of Innovative Detection Methods and Technology Development to Prevent the Input into the Environment via the Wastewater Pathway

This project systematically records emissions of synthetics into wastewater from relevant industries. Emissions levels will be analysed along all points of the value chain (production, transport, processing, and cleaning of synthetic materials).

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)


Microplastics in Dams and Reservoirs: Sedimentation, Spread, Effects

The spread of microplastics in rivers shows that along a given watershed there are not only springs or sources but also swales or depressions. Thus, dams and resevoirs constitute important (but heretofore hardly investigated) parts of a water system in the sense that they serve as examples for risk vs.

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)


Microplastics in Inland Waters - Investigation and Modeling of Entries and whereabouts in the Danube Area as a Basis for Action Planning

The goal of this project is to achieve a first-ever accounting of macro-, meso-, and microplastic released into the catchment area of an inland waterway. The case study is the German part of the Danube watershed, with measuring stations at two of its larger tributaries.

Saltwater ecosystems (marine/ocean systems)

Saltwater ecosystems (marine/ocean systems)


Contamination of Microplastics in the Model System Weser - Wadden Sea National Park: a Cross-ecosystem Approach

In PLAWES, the modeling system of the German national park Weser Wattenmeer is the first to investigate in detail the microplastic pollution of a large European river basin.

Saltwater ecosystems (marine/ocean systems)


Investigation of Sinks and Sources of Microplastics from a Typical Catchment Area to the Open Baltic Sea

This project determines sources and sinks of microplastic in the Warnow watershed, as well as relevant dissemination processes on the Warnow’s path to the open Atlantic Ocean. Separate models will be linked, such that the resulting model covers the entire catchment area including estuary and coastal waters.

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