Overview

Green Economy

Green Economy

RAU

Tyre Wear in the Environment
August 2017
July 2020

Plastics in the environment are an increasingly serious challenge. As macroplastics deteriorate, such as through tire abrasion, the resulting microplastics can enter the aquatic environment through a variety of entry points. As vehicle traffic increases, there is an inevitable increase in microplastics from worn tires ending up in the environment.

Green Economy

TextileMission

Microplastics of Textile Origin - A Holistic View: Optimized Processes and Materials, Material Flows and Environmental Behavior

Textiles made of synthetic fibres can lose microparticles during household washing, which can then enter rivers, lakes and oceans. The goal of Textile- Mission is to reduce the related environmental impact. The project is pursuing an interdisciplinary approach with partners from the Sport Goods Industry, research, the detergent and household aplliance sectors, and environmental protection.

Consumption

Consumption

VerPlaPoS

Consumer Behavior Related to Plastic and its Avoidance at the Point of Sale

Consumers buying products made of or wrapped in plastic play a decisive role in plastic consumption in Germany. A complete avoidance of plastic in everyday life, while unlikely to occur in full, would only be possible with extremely high restrictions. Moreover, many consumers are not aware of how much plastic is put into circulation or into the environment by buying a product.

Consumption

PlastikBudget

Development of Budget Approach and LCA Impact Assessment Methodology for the Governance of Plastics in the Environment

In order to legitimise political decisions on the problem of plastic emissions into the environment, it is necessary to formulate a quantitative emission target. The budget approach for plastic emissions, will be developed within the framework of this project. The research work is guided by the following questions: What amount of plastics in the environment is still acceptable?

Recycling

Recycling

ResolVe

Recycling of Polystyrene by Raw Material Recovery

In view of climate change, environmental pollution, population growth, and resource dependency, the transition from a linear economy to a closed-loop economy is both ecologically and economically necessary. The aim of the ResolVe project is to develop a logistics and an industrial plant concept for the economic use of polystyrene waste as a raw material for high-quality new plastic products.

Recycling

solvoPET

Development of a Recycling Technology for PET Waste Plastics from Multilayer Material and Other Waste Composites

solvoPET aims to develop a solvolytic recycling process for materials made of PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) in multilayer or mixed materials and to carry out experimental trials. Inactive patents for solvolysis of single-variety PET waste form the basis for this research: those solvolytic processes will be enhanced into a continuous waste treatment concept that can recycle PET waste.

Recycling

MaReK

Marker-Based Sorting and Recycling System for Plastic Packaging

The goal of this project is to set up a markerbased system for sorting and recycling that involves every stage from packaging development and sorting technology to high quality material reuse. The MaRek project demonstrates the usefulness of fluorescent markers for waste management applications.

Recycling

KuWert

Ship-Based Treatment of Plastics for the Implementation of Value Chains in Less Developed Countries as well as for the Prevention of Plastic Inputs into the Environment and Especially in Marine Ecosystems

Since it is technically and economically impossible to reduce the amount of plastic waste in oceans, solutions to cut the entry of such substances into the environment must be developed. Developing countries, however, often lack land-based approaches to such solutions.

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)

EmiStop

Identification of Industrial Plastic Emissions by Means of Innovative Detection Methods and Technology Development to Prevent the Input into the Environment via the Wastewater Pathway

This project systematically detects emissions of plastics into wastewater from relevant industries. Emissions levels will be analysed along all points of the value chain (production, transport, processing, and cleaning of synthetic materials).

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)

MikroPlaTas

Microplastics in Dams and Reservoirs: Sedimentation, Spread, Effects

The spread of microplastics in rivers shows that along a given waterway there are sources as well as sinks. Thus, dams and reservoirs constitute important but until now hardly investigated parts of a water system that serve as examples for risk vs. usefulness of sedimentation of microplastics.

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)

MicBin

Microplastics in Inland Waters – Investigation and Modeling of Entries and Whereabouts in the Danube Area as a Basis for Action Planning

The goal of this project is to achieve a first-ever accounting of macro-, meso- and microplastics released into the German part of the Danube river basin, with measuring stations at its main tributaries. Microplastic particles (particles < 5 mm) are examined by using various, complementary analytical methods.

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)

ENSURE

Development of New Plastics for a Clean Environment by Determining of Relevant Entry Points

The goal of this project is to develop plastics with environmentally optimised decomposition behaviour, which can degrade faster and in a more eco-friendly manner while maintaining the same stability.

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)

PLASTRAT

Strategies for Reducing the Entry of Urban Plastics into Limnic Systems

The common element of all investigations in PLASTRAT is the development of solution strategies for sustainable limitation of the spread of plastic residues in the aquatic environment on technical, environmental, scientific and social-ecological levels. The objective consists of developing a multi-criteria evaluation approach for the environmental compatibility of different types of plastics.

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)

RUSEKU

Representative Investigation Strategies for an Integrative System Approach to Specific Emissions of Plastics into the Environment

This project aims to develop representative investigation methods and strategies for an integrative system understanding of relevant plastic entry paths into the environmental compartment water.

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)

SubμTrack

Tracking of (Sub)Microplastics of Different Identities - Innovative Analysis Tools for Toxicological and Process-engineering Evaluation

The methods currently available for the analysis of microplastics in environmental matrices are primarily designed for particles in the size range of 1 μm to 5 mm. Smaller particles below 1 μm have hardly been detected so far. However in contrast to larger particles, these are able to enter cells and have a higher potential for adsorption of pollutants due to their relatively larger surface.

Freshwater ecosystems (limnic/standing water systems)

REPLAWA

Reduction of the Input of Plastics via Wastewater into the Aquatic Environment

The REPLAWA project covers questions of water resource protection in connection with wastewater treatment. The project will investigate and quantitatively assess entry points into water bodies through treatment plants, storm water drainage, and combined sewer overflows as well as swales at treatment facilities and in sewage sludge.

Saltwater ecosystems (marine/ocean systems)

Saltwater ecosystems (marine/ocean systems)

PLAWES

Microplastic Contamination in the Weser- Wadden Sea – National Park Model System: an Ecosystem-Wide Approach

In PLAWES, the modelling system of the German national park Weser-Wadden Sea is the first large European river basin that is investigated in detail regarding its microplastic pollution to.

Saltwater ecosystems (marine/ocean systems)

MicroCatch_Balt

Investigation of Sinks and Sources of Microplastics from a Typical Catchment Area to the Open Baltic Sea

This project determines sources and sinks of microplastic in the Warnow river basin, as well as relevant dissemination processes on its way to the open Baltic Sea. Separate models will be linked so that the resulting model covers the entire river basin including estuary and coastal waters.

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